Early Timber Frame Homes
If you are drawn to timber framed homes, then you probably already know that this form of construction was the dominant building technology from the Greek and Roman Empires all the way to the late 19th century. But what you probably didn’t know is that timber frame structures have withstood all that Mother Nature can throw at them, all over the globe, for thousands of years.
Early timber craftsmen originally developed their skills and tools building wooden ships that had to be strong enough withstand punishing ocean storms. These craftsmen and their guilds quickly realized that the same building principles could be applied to structures, making them strong enough to withstand Mother Nature’s wrath. The building technique spread across cultures home to hardwood trees.
In 1929, archeologists excavated some of the earliest examples of timber frame construction in Pompeii and Herculaneum, Italy, preserved in ash by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
The durability of these structures is quite remarkable worldwide. Japan has some of the oldest timber frame structures in the world, despite the region being plagued by frequent earthquakes. In England and Germany, there are tours of timber frame homes built in the 11th and 12th centuries that have withstood extreme weather and two world wars. These structures were built with exposed beams on inside and outside, with spaced between beams filled in with wattle, or straw, and daub, a mixture of mud and manure that hardened like concrete.
Though we often think of timber frame craftsmanship being used in homes and barns, many cathedrals in Europe were built with the same technology. These edifices were used as visual aids to reinforce the merits of Christianity. Churches were built in the shape of the cross and the parishioners’ attention focused heavenward, with the help of long, vaulted ceilings supported by gracefully curved beams. Many are still in use, centuries later.
Read more from Old House Online, Timber Frame in History.
Addition of Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
In contrast to the historical structures that left beams exposed to the elements, modern timber frame homes enclose the beams within the building envelope. At Woodhouse, we enclose your dream home with structural insulated panels or SIPs.
When you are shopping timber frame house plans, timber frame home prices and a timber frame home package, consider what kind of envelope will be shielding your frame from Mother Nature.
SIPs provide a raft of reasons for better performance over conventional stick frame and batt insulation construction. This includes greater structural strength and greater energy performance—up to 75% more efficient than stick and batt construction. SIPs also dramatically reduce construction time, ultimately saving you money on construction and over the life of the home with energy savings.
SIPs are a composite material, consisting of an insulating layer of rigid core, sandwiched between two layers of oriented strand board or OSB. It’s the same structural properties of an I-beam.
An added safety benefit, SIPs are rated Class 1 in fire performance. SIPs don’t burn as much as they melt, which means that fire will spread slower than many other building materials, helping to slow the fire and enabling you to escape in the case of an emergency.
Woodhouse designs and engineers SIPs with internal posts to carry point loads from the attached timber frame. The combination of these two components creates a uniquely strong structure. The ability to withstand hurricane force winds means that your dream home will not only surpass the strict standards of today’s building codes, but it will also last for generations to come.
In 40 years of making dreams come true for our clients, our Woodhouse team has heard from clients whose homes have endured earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and blizzards. It’s why we here at Woodhouse feel so confident in offering our transferrable lifetime warranty. We build dream homes that truly last generations, that’s the Woodhouse Difference.